When you look at the Test step 1 (according to research by the lookup paradigm by the Vigliocco mais aussi al., 2005) we put a categorization task, where people was in fact expected to choose several terminology regarding a triad, based on the earliest connection about their similarity. The goal would be to evaluate if or not lower than eg criteria grammatical sex effects would-be expose for conceptual terms and conditions, names out-of pet and you may inanimate items. During the Check out 2, according to the Implicit Organization Take to (IAT) paradigm, participants did a good semantic categorization task significantly less than severe go out pressure. Objective were to take a look at if grammatical intercourse are implicitly available when doing a task that works at the lexical and you may semantic peak. From inside the Analysis step three, i checked the fresh new attribution regarding female and male voices to help you dogs and inanimate things, showed either while the conditions otherwise pictures, to be sure if the influence from grammatical intercourse happens beyond the lexical and semantic levels and you may into the visual representations, and you will in person comparing their consequences to possess verbal and you can graphic stimuli. I believed that the obtained performance enables me to shot the fresh new assumptions of your own sex and you can gender theory and similarity and you will intercourse theory relating to the fresh new Polish language.
Within the Shine, so it structure is bound by proven fact that you can find around three men and women throughout the only one form (male, women, neutral) as well as 2 men and women regarding the plural setting (masculine-individual and you can non-masculine-personal), which have a bit an elaborate regards to the just one counterparts. Grammatical gender from nouns may vary between their one and plural versions – the newest non-masculine-personal plural form border the one mode nouns apart from male nouns talking about anyone. Such as for example, ‘10 pies’ (your pet dog) which is masculine when you look at the only one setting, becomes ‘te psy’ (dogs), that is low-masculine-private when you look at the plural, however, ‘ten kowal’ (a blacksmith, male only 1) becomes ‘ci kowale’ (blacksmiths, masculine-personal plural). A less limited style of the newest gender and you may gender theory would anticipate here to-be grammatical intercourse consequences just for nouns referring to help you pets and you can people – which have a physical intercourse. Throughout the about three experiments showed within this report, we included nouns discussing animals (Try step one and you will step 3), inanimate items (all of the tests) and you will abstract facts (Experiment 1).
Some other factor connected to new sex and gender/resemblance and you can sex hypotheses is the fact that Shine vocabulary spends a great wide variety of sex matical intercourse highly relevant to many elements of message, not just to nouns. Grammatical gender should be thought when using verbs, numerals, adjectives, pronouns, an such like. And also the similarity and you will gender theory manage anticipate one grammatical sex effects be there throughout the showed studies, playing with one another animate and you may inanimate nouns. Watching grammatical sex effects to have nouns talking about objects that n’t have a physical sex would offer good support with the similarity and you may intercourse hypothesis.
New presented lookup including is designed to shot a couple significantly more certain look inquiries. Check out 2 uses a modified implicit relationship take to to research whether grammatical sex outcomes within the Polish can be found to the lexicosemantic level, and not only into abstract peak. Try out step 3 spends a technique which involves attributing male/female sounds to help you stuff when you look at the a moving film) to check whether grammatical intercourse effects can be found to your an abstract top. And in case discussing lexicosemantic and you may abstract degrees of handling, we utilize the differentiation like in Vigliocco et al. (2005, p. 510): new lexicosemantic top corresponds to the definitions out-of terms in addition to their linguistic control (fitting on the groups, retrieving and using lexical recommendations, an such like.) without having to do rational representations of one’s words’ referents. Alternatively, the fresh conceptual top is dependent on the intellectual representations of https://datingmentor.org/black-chat-rooms/ your own referents as well as their properties, that is non-linguistic in nature. Playing with words instead making reference to mental representations of stuff is precisely lexicosemantic, when you are operating mental representations without needing language is strictly conceptual.